One of the oldest and well known Red Cross service by the community is the relief distributions for the people affected by the manmade and natural disaster. this service was started and full recognized by the Government and community since 1985 Wollo drought that affected livelihoods of thousand peoples in the history of the country.
Since that the Department was established and provide the relief actives based on the resources that mobilized from external sources. however this department change its name and activates based on the Government policy and country contexts. In 2014 the department was separated in to two (Disaster preparedness and response(DPR) and disaster risk reduction(DRR)). So the newly established Disaster preparedness and response department consists three coordinators: Emergency preparedness and response coordinator, Emergency health coordinator and Restoring family link coordinator.
Based on the above mentioned coordination the following activities undertaken by the DPR department.
1. Emergency preparedness and response
1.1.ERCS disaster response interventions between 2012 and 2014 in disaster affected areas
One can witness the negative impacts of drought has been declining from time to time in Ethiopia. Though in some arid areas, the problem of water, pasture and consequently the pastoral livelihood still suffers, many humanitarian reports reveled that no human death due to drought related famine in the last recent years. ERCS has been engaged in provision of food only in response to 2011 drought emergency, financed by the Federation, partner national societies and donors. The operation carried out in 2012 and assisted137,597 people through blanket food distribution in Moyale Oromia,Mieo,Dire and Seba Boru woreda of Guji and Bule hora woreda of Borena zones.
In the last three years (2012-2014) ERCS provided mainly emergency shelter and non food assistances for conflict, flood and fire affected people in different parts of the country. ICRC has been the major partner in supporting the ES/NFI support for conflict affected households since the last many years. UNICEF and IOM are the Non Movement partners supporting ERCS in responding ES/NFI to the conflict, flood and fire affected people since July 2013.
In addition to the provision of ES/NFI to those conflict affected people (Bench Maji in 2012,East Hareghe in 2013 and Guji borena in 2014), ERCS with the support obtained from ICRC provided IDPs with agricultural seeds and tools with the objective of rehabilitating the damaged livelihood of the conflict affected people. In this report only the livelihood assistance given for Bench Maji and East Harerghe has been discussed.
1.1.2. Distribution of NFIs among disaster affected people in 2012-2013
1.1. 2.1. Responses for Conflict affected people
18.104.22.168.1. SNNPR, Bench Maji zone
In SNNPR Bench Maji, conflict among Surma, Dizzy and other ethnic groups is very common and has long history in the past. It has remained the major causes of human and livestock death and Injury in the country. Cattle looting, destruction of houses, livelihood, environment and displacement of many people in the zone as a result of such conflict has been the most frequently observed phenomena in these areas.
ERCS Bench Maji branch together with ERCS HQ and ICRC conducted a rapid assessment in March 2012.The information obtained from the local community reveled that deaths of over 35 people from Surma and Dizzy ethnic groups, the destruction of 182 houses, displacement of over 386 households and damage on substantial livelihood and infrastructures.
ERCS jointly with ICRC provided the conflict affected 386 households with 650 blankets,524 sleeping mats,566 jerry cans 312 rolls plastic sheeting,227 tarpolines,422 kitchen set,772 plastic plates and cups that worth more than 634,040 birr.
22.214.171.124.2. Boarder along Oromia and Benshangul Gumuz regions
The other conflict prone areas where ERCS had been engaged in response intervention are the bordering areas in Benshangul Gumuz and western part of oromia regions.In March 2012 over 366 HHs in Benishangul Gumuz region and 125 HHs in Oromia region west wollega zone were displaced due conflict between the two ethnic groups.
In response to these disaster the ERCS HQ together with ICRC has provided the displaced people in West Wellega with 12 rolls of plastic sheeting,10 carton used cloth,250 plastic mat,250 jerry cans,250 soap,125 kitchen set and 250 blankets for 125 HHs affected by conflict arising between Oromo and Gumuz ethnic groups. Similarly 366 kitchen set,732 sleeping mat, 732 blanket, 732 laundry soap, 366 jerry cans, 366 body soap and 36 rolls of plastic sheeting were given for 366 HHs affected by conflict same above in Benshangul gumuz region.
126.96.36.199.3.Somali, Oromia and Afar regions
Some recent experiences reveled that conflict particularly resource based intra and inter conflict have been the most common in Somali region of Ethiopia. Such conflict aggravated more during drought season when pasture and water become scarcer and as a result of claims of regional boundaries. The July 2012 conflict between Borena (oromo) and Geri and Gerba (somali)ethnic groups could be mentioned as an example. In this conflict many villages in Moyale town called Chamuk,Melab ,Medo,Migo and Shewaber have been entirely destroyed and more than 11,692 households or 65,274 people were displaced from their villages and temporarily settled in a place called Gambu in Moyale Kenya.
In response to the above conflict, through July to September 2012 different non food items comprising 4,000 blankets, 4,000 sleeping mat, 4,000 jerry cans, 2,000 kitchen set and 2,000 tarpaulins contributed by ERCS and ICRC have been distributed among targeted most vulnerable 2000 households’ (1,000 HHs from Oromo and 1,000 HHs from Somali ethnic groups living along the adjacent districts) who returned from Moyale Kenya as the security situation in the Ethiopian side has been improved.
As a consequence of the conflict between Oromo and Somali ethnic groups in January 2013 in East (7,901 HHs) and West Harerghe (522 HHs) zones of Oromia, a total of 8,423 households had been displaced in four woredas of the East Harerghe zone such as Chnatsan, Gursum, Meyu Muluka and Kumbi and Mieso woreda of West Harerghe.
In addition to the wide spread human displacement 348 houses were totally burned. The damaged houses includes residential quarters and government offices (administration, finance health and educational offices and their property) in the above four districts of East Harerghe. The damage of over 301 quintals of different varieties of crops and the looted 794 livestock has made the living condition of the displaced people more miserable as their livelihood has been deteriorated.
In response to this conflict ERCS/ICRC provided a total of 512 displaced households in the three woredas (Chinagsan,Gursum and Meyu Muluka) with 1,024 blankets,1024 sleeping mats 1024 laundry soap,1,536 plastic plate,1,536 spoon,512 water jerry cans and 5 rolls of plastic sheeting in Mid February 2013,. At this stage the 7,389 displaced households in Kumbi woreda of East Harerghe were not assisted as their number was very large and the NFIs available in both ERCS and ICRC stores were inadequate. The total cost incurred in respond to this conflict was over 709,744 birr or 36,397 CHF.
Similarly in West Harerghe,Mieso woreda,Obensa kebele, 29 houses fully damaged and the property of 493 households looted by the Somali tribes using bombs and other artilleries. The death of one person and the injury of 3 persons were also reported in West Harerghe in Mid February 2013. Similar amount of items have been provided for 522 conflict affected households in Mieso woreda of West Harerghe in the same period.
Another huge human displacement and damages reported in Mid April 2013 for the second time due to conflict between the same ethnic groups. In this conflict over 5,850 households were displaced as reported by East Harerghe DPPB office. Based on verification assessment conducted jointly with ERCS and ICRC team 9,888 blankets (2 each), 9,888 sleeping mats (2 each), 9,888 jerry cans (2 each), 4,944 kitchen set (1 each) and 4,944 trampoline (1 each) were provided for 4,944 targeted IDP households in four districts of East Harerghe.At that time it was ICRC that provided the entire emergency shelter and non food assistance and cover the expenditure. The total cost was calculated as 11,700,000 birr or 600,000 CHF including the operational cost.
The conflict between Afar and Somali ethnic groups has been historical and very common along the border of these two regions. According to the recent report obtained from Somali region DPPB,over 400 households were affected in Shinile/Citi zone of Somali region, Afdem woreda between March and July 2013.The conflict between these ethnic groups in the first week of July 2013 resulted to the death of 4 people including a young girl. In addition 2975 head of shoat (sheep and goats) and 36 cattle have been looted, 241 traditional Somali houses have been burnt with all their assets, 125 displaced households in Danlahelay Kebele mainly women and children who either live with their relatives or in self-made simple houses in a difficult condition.
Nothing has been provided for this conflict affected households due to resource limitation from ERCS side
According to the UNOCHA led multi agency assessment conducted in Mid August 2013 and the information obtained from ERCS East Harerghe branch, 5,820 HHs or 34,077 displaced from 11 kebeles in Meyu, 1,733 HHs or 16,356 displaced in 8 kebeles of Qumbi districts of East Harerghe.It has also been reported the death of 54 (51 in Meyu, 3 in Qumbi ) and the injury of 51 people (44 in Meyu 7 in Kumbi),. 595 houses burnt in Meyu and 172 houses in Kumbi
In response to the mid August conflict in East Harerghe ERCS jointly with IOM provided full emergency shelter and non food items for 2,022 conflict affected households in four kebeles of Meyu woreda.Similarly ERCS in collaboration with ICRC provided full emergency shelter and NFIs for 1,178 conflict affected households in three kebeles of Meyu woreda in September 2013.
Following the heavy rain, floods in many part of the country have been the major disasters that affected many people in 2012. The heavy rain that caused flooding in June has been more intensified in the months of July, August and September 2012 affecting more than 4,490 people in Amhara ( North Wollo, North Gonder, North Shewa and towns of Gonder and Bahir Dar), Oromia (Jima zone, East Shewa zone, West Shewa zone and South West Shewa), SNNPR (Kembata and Timabaro zones) and parts of Addis Ababa around Ambassador Theatre. The flooding in the zones of Kembata Timabaro in SNNPR district, Jima and Gambela region were particularly severe and led to the deaths of 7,4 and 2 people and displaced 55,175 and more than 7,000 households respectively. In response to the flood disaster different NFIs have been distributed among the affected people taken from the pre positioned stocks at central warehouse, strategic warehouses and ICRC stocks.
The heavy rain in Mid September 2012 overwhelmed the Baro, Gillo and Jikawo Rivers killed 2 people in the Itang woreda and displaced a total of 7,407 people in Gambela town, Gambela Zuria, Itang, Lare, Mekuye and Wantawa districts in the Gambela region. Despite the severity of the floods in Gambela region, ERCS has been unable to respond to the needs of communities in the affected areas as its non food items have been depleted and the non food items stored in the western strategic direction is not sufficient to reach the affected people.
In between February and end of September 2013 a total of 4,765 flood affected households assisted through half kit emergency shelter and NFI provision in Addis Ababa,North Wollo,West Harerghe,Sidama,Silta,East Shewa,South Gonder and South West Shewa.The emergency shelter and non food items provided for these households were drown the majority from ERCS central warehouse and some strategic warehouses found in four geographic directions.
Dawa Cefa district in Oromia special zone of Amhara region was the severely flood affected area than any other areas in the country in 2013 where 29 people and 129 livestock died,573 households or 2,575 people affected and over 1,104 hectares of cropland damaged.
In response to this devastating flood, ERCS together with IOM provided full shelter and non food items for 573 flood affected households in Dawa Chefa district, Kelo rural kebele and Kemisse town between 22 and 23 August 2013. Based on the cooperation agreement signed between ERCS and IOM on 31 July 2013, IOM supplied ERCS with 573 full shelter and non food items adequate for people affected by the flood disaster in special Oromia zone of Amhara region.
In addition to some basic ES and NFI (641 blankets and 3 feeding kits),ERCS together with UNICEF provided the south West Shewa flood affected 641 households with 1,282 plastic cups,1,282 plastic plates,641 ladle and 800 soap.
Flood impact and ES/NFI distribution in East Shewa (Oromia region) and Dawa Chefa (special zone of Oromia (Amhara region)
ES/NFI distribution for flood affected households in Oromia special zone (Kemise),Amhara region
Wild and sometimes human induced fire has been one of the disasters affected many people in Ethiopia in the last three years. Though the number of people affected by fire relatively small as to comparing to conflict and flooding, still substantial number of people are suffering from this disaster. For example ERCS provided ES/NFI for 442 and 518 households affected by fire disaster in 2012 and 2013.In the year 2014, the number of fire affected people by fire disaster has been growing termondosely 1,093 households which was almost twice the 2013.This shows an increasing trend of fire disaster in the country.
The major areas affected by fore disaster are those located in SNNP region. The zones include Hadiya,Silita,Kembata.These zones are the most populous and the majority of the population live in congested environment. The other fire prone areas are South and North Wollo in Amhara, South West shoa in Oromia and the driest parts of Afar.
In bench Maji zone of SNNPR over 935 households were displaced as a result of internal conflict between the two minor ethnic groups Surma and Dizzey in March 2012.In response to this, in addition to various non food items pre positioned and distributed by Bench Maji zone, ERCS/ICRC jointly provided non food items such as 650 blankets, 524 sleeping mats,4 rolls of plastic sheeting,322 kitchen set,526 jerry cans. The branch was also provided some high energy biscuits by its own fund.
After the opening of the eco-sec department in ICRC in 2013, based on the post conflict need assessment conducted by ERCS/ICRC joint team, the rehabilitation of the conflict affected households took place in Bench Maji Maji zone .A total of 935 conflict affected households provided with improved variety of seeds and agricultural tools. A total 11,687 kg BH-14 maize variety was distributed among 935 HHs (12.5kg per household) .In additions each household provided with 935 pick axe and 935 spade that is important for the preparation of the agricultural land. The seasonal provision of the improved variety of seeds and tools enabled the conflict affected households to produce good agricultural products and rehabilitate themselves and their family.
It was noted that, resource based conflict was the major humanitarian challenge in the year 2013 in Ethiopia. Such conflict was very serious and rampant especially along the regional boarders of Somali and Oromia. In that year over 9,178 conflict affected households of which 8,000 households belongs to East Harerghe were displaced and sheltered in three districts of the zone namely Meyu Mulukie,Gursum and Kumbi. Although these people supplied with ES/NFI by ERCS/ICRC assistance program their livelihood was not addressed in 2013.
In 2014 the 8,000 conflict affected households have been targeted to receive agricultural seeds and tools with the objective of rehabilitating their livelihood. Accordingly ERCS/ICRC supplied the 8,000 conflict affected households with 100,000 kg or 1,000 quintal of improved variety of maize,80,000 kg or 800 quintals of improved variety of sorghum (with a rate of 10kg sorghum per household and 12.5kg of maize per household) and agricultural tools including 8,000 Harar shovel and 8,000 Dengora/Harar digging hoe. These support believed to improve the damaged livelihood in the past year and build their livelihood capacity for the preceding harvest seasons.
ERCS together with its movement and non movement partners provided essential shelter and non food items for a total of 12,442 households affected by different disasters In 2014.The lion share of the assistance 8,604HHs (69.2%) contributed by ICRC.A total of 5,901 HHs affected by conflict received full non food items mainly in Mejeng zone of Gambela, Bench Maji zone of SNNPR,Guji zone of Oromia and Moyale Ethiopia.
Based on the request of ERCS, ICRC provided five type of non food items including 3,656 blankets, 3,656 sleeping mats,3,656 water jerry cans,1,828 kitchen set and 1,828 tarpaulins for the targeted 1,828 conflict affected households in Godera and Mengeshi woredas of Gambela region. The total cost of the items is estimated 164,520 CHF or 3,290,400 ETB. This does not include the operational cost. The ICRC provided non food items have been transported to the capital city of Mejeng zone Meti town using three private trucks and two ICRC trucks since 21 st September 2014.The items further dispatched and distributed among 1,828 households living in five kebeles namely Chemi 316 HHs, Meti 66 HHs, Goshiney 77HHs,Kumi 120HHs,Shoney 449HHs and Yeri 800HHs kebeles of Godera and Mengeshi woredas of Mejeng zone between 23 September and 7 October 2014.
ICRC has also provided ERCS with 1,000 tarpaulins and 1,000 kitchen set to supplement the Swiss Red Cross support in response to Kenyan refugee in Moyale Ethiopia. Furthermore, ERCS/ICRC provided full NFI kits among 500 conflict affected households in Guji zone of Oromia region. In addition to the conflict response ERCS and ICRC provided partial NFI kits for 1,093 fire 1,362 flood, 161 landslide and 87 hail affected households mainly in SNNPR,Somali,Amhara and Oromia regions.
The non food items have been provided from ERCS/ICRC contingency stocks stored in central warehouse in Addis Ababa.In addition,141 households inflicted by ethnic conflict in West Wollega have been provided with partial kits drown from Western Strategic warehouse located at Nekemet. The assistance believed to contribute a lot in alleviating the suffering of people affected by conflict and other disasters in the country.
2. Emergency health
The unit has organized under Disaster Preparedness and Response department. Currently, the unit has 4 staffs. These are one health in emergency unit coordinator, one Ambulance and FA program officer, and two HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support project officers.
The ongoing program and projects include:
1. First Aid and Ambulance service program
2. HIV/AIDS prevention, care and support program
3. Ebola Virus Disease preparedness – DREF operation
4. Emergency appeal operation for South Sudanese refugees in Gambela region
2.1. First Aid and Ambulance service program
Historical Back Ground
ERCS starts its Ambulance service in 1952 in Addis Ababa and has considerably developed and expands the service since then. ERCS is the one who provide free of charge nationwide 24 hrs service. The ambulance service is delivered in organized manner with Regional, Zonal & Wereda branch offices. Currently the Ambulance service is providing within 197 organized stations by 285 Ambulance vehicles throughout the country. The service is given by trained first aider youth volunteer.
ICRC provides grant donation Ambulance vehicles and engaged in providing Ambulance management manual for its sustainability. At the same time training on first aid, TOT training, First aid Kit production and different development programme and workshop undertaken. After all limitless effort, local community can able to create sense of owner ship.
ERCS Ambulance service is given in collaboration with local, Municipalities and Wereda administration with 30-50 KM radius and also based on the need and negotiation with local community. Thus ERCS can address more than 35 thousand people by those 285 ambulance Vehicles annually. Additional 26 new stations are under preparation to be operation by the coming budget year. ERCS work in close collaboration with ICRC, IFRC, PNSs, Municipalities, Embassies, International and Local NGOs to support and to address the beneficiaries at large.
Ambulance service is given for natural disaster manmade conflicts and other health emergency condition.
ERCS organize its own regional branches in all 9 regions and 2 city administration. Furthermore, regional branches open at Zonal and district level. Those wereda branches are the responsible to lead and administer daily Ambulance service, First Aid Training, First aid Kit Production, budget allocation after MOU is signed with local government official, report compilation, and collection of money from the local administration for new vehicles purchase .ERCS is strongly engaged in service coordination, and routine service management.
Impact on service
Even though the budgetary allocation for the service is expected from Local Municipalities and Wereda administrations some of them are not in a position to cover running cost like Fuel, oil maintenance, salary, and Vehicles replacement at vehicles off road (VOA).
ERCS also plan
1. To improve the service to advanced pre hospital emergency service.
2. Organize Commercial First Aid training centers within each regional branch.
3. Organize First Aid Kit Production within each regional branch.
4. Deploy pool Ambulance Vehicles at head Quarter, at Regional and zonal branches.
5. Organize and developed the unit with modern Fleet management to address the beneficiary at any point.
2.2. HIV/AIDS PREVGENTION, CARE & SUPPORT PROGRAM
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) established HIV/AIDS coordination unit in 1998 within the program department and launched the program in two ERCS branches by Danish Red Cross (DRC) support. As of 2006 DRC kept on supporting five branches ( AddisAbaba,North Shoa,Jimma,East Hararghe and Dire Dawa)and the Netherlands Red Cross (NLRC) four branches (South West Shoa,Wolaita,Sidama andGamo Gofa). The activities have been formulated in line with the global alliance of International Federation of Red Cross (IFRC) approaches in line of the polices and guidelines of the governmental HIV/AIDS prevention and control coordination office (HAPCO) and the ERCS HIV program manual.
The goal of ERCS HIV and AIDS prevention, care and support program with the support of DRC is to contribute to the government’s effort in reducing the number of new HIV infection and its impact in the community in the target area.
1. Build the capacity of the community to respond in the prevention and control of HIV infection and its impacts.
2. Improve the quality of life and productivity of PLHIV and OVC through care and support.
3. Strengthen the capacity of ERCS to implement and manage the program efficiently and effectively.
The main Interventions of the project
The Danish Red Cross funded HIV program is being implemented at the five ERCS Branches namely : Addis Ababa, North Shoa, Dire Dawa, E.harerege and Jimma and the Netherlands funded .project in South West Shoa,Sidama,Wolaita and Gamo Gofa branches with the following major activities :
The prevention component is intended to reduce HIV transmission by creating awareness and behavioral change; through equipping youth in school with basic HIV education & life skill, to reach at risk population (youth out of school, commercial sex workers and prisoners) by building knowledge, attitude, beliefs and skills needed to engage in healthy behaviors, to reduce stigma, discrimination and harmful traditional practices; promotion of VCT.Mobilizing the community, individuals, groups, or organizations to plan, carry out, and evaluate activities on a participatory and sustained basis to improve their health and other needs, either on their own initiative or stimulated by others through house hold focused approach.
Care & support
The care and support component focuses on PLHIV & OVC support that covers the home based care service for bedridden PLHIVs, provision of nutritional support and seed money for income generating activities (IGA) to reduce vulnerability of PLHIV and make them productive. Provision of scholastic support, psychosocial support and school IGA for the orphaned and vulnerable children is also intended to maintain school attendance.
As to ensuring the sustainability the support, ERCS initiates the strong involvement of community and the relevant government offices and other stakeholders in the area after the programme exits.
Project progress (2009 -2013)
A total of 263,807 youths in school were reached through peer education program which is intended to create awareness and behavioral change with basic HIV education and life skill principles.
1. A total of 14009 high risk population (youth out of school, commercial sex workers and prisoners) were participated in peer discussion which focuses on behavioral change and healthier sexual practice. Most of the participants had gone for VCT and knew their HIV status.
2. A total of 21388 orphan and vulnerable children in school have got scholastic materials, Nutritional and psychosocial support
3. 4008 people living with HIV have got seed money for income generating activities and nutritional support during the project time. A total of 3509 PLHIV were given home based care by the trained volunteer care providers.
4. Work place peer discussion concerning HIV and related issue were conducted in all ERCS HIV program implementing DRC supported branches and a total of 2480 Staffs and volunteers were participated.
5. A total of 4000 house hold representatives (20,000 family members) were reached through house hold focused mobilization approach ,following the discussion, a total of 25587 people and 11955 women have gone for VCT & PMTCT respectively
2.3. Ebola Preparedness – DREF operation
Following the confirmation of EVD in West Africa, it is understood that people movement is unrestricted from country to country; as a result countries have started screening of travelers and intensify Social mobilization activity to the Border areas. Thus, Ethiopia has started screening in addition to the social mobilization activity at selected places. The ERCS in accordance with the country PoA has implementing a DREF operation, which involves social mobilization activities through training of its Volunteers and key community mobilizers in 10 sub-cities of Addis Ababa, as well as the border towns of Humera (Tigray Region) and Moyelle (Oromia Region). The number of people`s to be assisted by this operation is 164,600 and the overall budget is 46,642 CHF (supported by IFRC), for five months (Oct 29, 2014 to March 29, 2015).
The overall objective of this DREF operation is to contribute the National EVD PoA where ERCS is contributing in the implementation of social mobilization activities and awareness raising activities.
1. Train volunteers in Epidemic Control for Volunteers, and Social mobilization (Target: 195 volunteers)
2. Distributions of IEC materials with key persons in at risk communities (Target: 16,000 IEC materials)
3. Community sensitization of key persons on EVD prevention using local Social organizations (Target: 12 community sensitization sessions)
4. Participate in information and coordination meetings with authorities at all level
1. Epidemiological control and monitoring through community disease surveillance
2. Monitor & reporting activities (including a Lessons learned workshop)
3. Train volunteers on PPE use, safe and dignified burrial and disease surveillance (Target 160-)
1. Support MOH on Poster printing and audio messages dissemination
1. In total, 204 ERCS volunteers - in Addis Ababa (141), Humera (32) and Moyale (31) have received a two-day training on ECV and Social Mobilization, which equates to 104.6% of the target (195)
1. Following the ECV training, the capacity of the volunteers has been increased in the areas of implementation since they now have improved knowledge and skills, which will help them prevent and control EVD if cases be reported in Ethiopia. Each volunteers trained has been deployed to carry out social mobilization and awareness raising activities for a period of 15 days (on average).
2. The ERCS has participated in the preparation and production of IEC materials in collaboration with the Social Mobilization Taskforce members (EHRI, MOH, ERCS, UNICEF and WHO).
3. In total, 18,917 IEC materials (brochures) were distributed to raise awareness on EVD in Addis Ababa (10,000), Humera (5,217) and Moyale (3,700), which equates to 118.23% of the target (16,000).
4. 86,045 people were reached - in Addis Ababa (49,000), Humera (18,545) and Moyale (18,500), which equates to 106.75% of the target (80,600).
1. Joint monitoring of the populations in the areas of implementation has indicated that the community have been equipped with improved knowledge on the EVD following receipt of the IEC materials. The ERCS volunteers also explained the EVD related messages contained within the IECs and provided clarification on any questions that were raised. Due to the timing of the distributions, which were carried out during the day, the majority of recipients were women, since culturally they were expected to be at home.
2. In total, 16 community sensitizations were carried out in Addis Ababa (10), Humera (4) and Moyale (2), which equates to 133.3% of the target (12) and was possible as volunteers were able to mobilize more people from community organizations to participate in these activities than was planned.
1. 873 people were reached through these sensitization sessions.
2. Community organizations involved in the sensitizations included: civil society organizations, local Edirs, military representatives, religious leaders, schools, women’s associations and youth groups.
1. During the community sensitizations, participants were able to improve their knowledge of EVD, and increase their understanding by raising any questions that needed clarification.
2. In addition, they then disseminated EVD preparedness messages through informal structures in their own communities. It is estimated that 59,447 were then reached through informal structures in Addis Ababa (47,760), Humera (5,234) and Moyale (10,500), which equates to 75.58 per cent of the target (84,000) and was partly due to not being able to get reliable information from the community organizations.
3. ERCS has regularly participated in high level and sub-group technical task force led by the Federal Ministry of Ethiopia/EHRI.
4. ERCS is a member of the Task Forces for EVD preparedness, at National, Regional levels; as well as a Social Mobilization Taskforce, and recently in case management task force. The technical task force meetings have provide an opportunity to disseminate information related to EVD.
5. ERCS volunteers were deployed to support with disease surveillance in areas of Moyale, which border Kenya . Each day, 4 volunteers were assigned to work at check points at border crossings to register suspected cases of EVD. The ERCS put in place a tent at each of the check points.
6. In Addis Ababa and Humera, disease surveillance was not carried out, as the local health authorities had assigned only professional health works to do this.
7. During the DREF operation, there has been continuous follow up and monitoring of the activities being carried out at branch level in Addis Ababa, Humera and Moyale; with support from National Headquarters (NHQ) staff.
8. Each monitoring mission lasted for seven days, and comprised two staff members from NHQ (programme and PMER).
9. The IFRC East Africa regional representation emergency health coordinator also joined a monitoring mission, specifically in the Moyale area to assess the implementation that had been completed.
10. Though the activities planned as per the agreed EPoA, have the most part been completed successfully, remaining gaps were identified that still need to be addressed, and such the DREF operation is being revised through this Operations Update. Based on this, additional activities are included and implemented.
11. 168 volunteers were trained 105% of the target (160) on PPE dressing and undressing technique as well as how to conduct safe and dignified burial.
1. 10,000 posters with key EVD messages have printed and given to EHRI and distributed to health facilities.
2. ERCS has been contributed 120, 000 ETB for EVD audio messages
3. 2 EHRI staffs and 3 ERCS staffs were trained on EVD preparedness by IFRC Nairobi office. Those trained persons are used as a core trainer to cascade a training for ERCS volunteers.
IV. Emergency apeal operation for South Sudanese refugees in Gambela
The conflict between government and opposition forces in Juba broke out on 15 December 2013 and quickly spread to other locations in South Sudan. The conflict still continues, affecting over 3.8 million people and resulting sever humanitarian crises with in the country and in the neighbouring countries. Since December 2013 more than 1.3 million people have been displaced and more than 450,000 South Sudanese had moved across borders, including approximately 200,000 into Ethiopia.
In responding to the South Sudan population displacement, ERCS participated in one of the first inter-agency assessments in Akobo, a main entry point. A few weeks later, the ICRC also carried out an assessment mission to the region to determine how best to support tracing needs and the ERCS branch in light of the refugee crisis. These assessments resulted in an emergency response which included activities in Leitchor camp, Kule camp, two entry points and the medical facilities in Gambela town. As a result of these assessments, efforts were made by Movement partners to coordinate their interventions through the creation of an Addis-based Gambela Taskforce, and similar efforts at Gambela level to improve Movement coordination.
In February 2014, the National Society launched an operation with the support of DREF that lasted until 30 June, but continued until August with support of the Swiss Red Cross and the ICRC. During this time, the ERCS was able to:
1. Train 50 hygiene promoters from the refugee population in PHAST methodology. These hygiene promoters have the capacity to reach as many as 10 households per day.
2. Enlist 50 community outreach workers responsible for health, nutrition, disease surveillance, and health promotion. They carried out their action through house to house visit and community mobilization on daily in coordination with the hygiene promoters. They also support community mobilization for mass vaccination campaigns.
3. Mobilize 200 environmental cleaners from within the refugee population of which 190 were assigned for latrine cleaning and the other 10 were supervisors. These volunteers clean as many as 640 communal latrines per day. They were provided with proper self-protection materials (gloves, rain coat, gunboats, chlorine, broom, bucket, spoon, small basin, apron, and mask). Fifty of these environmental cleaners were recruited to monitor the cleanliness of the refugee compound and to carry out proper disinfection of all open defecation sites in the camp.
4. With the support of the Swiss Red Cross, ERCS provided ambulance service at Kule Camp
5. With the support of the ICRC, ERCS was able to: Provide ambulance service at Pagak and Burbiey entry points, help with emergency water supply with donation of materials used in Kule and Leitchor and water trucking to Kule (currently Tierkidi camp) from March to August, help with sanitation with construction of 200 latrines, technical assistance to borehole investigation Kule / Leitchor / Pagak, comprehensive support to Gambella Hospital, Nyannyang Health Centre, Itang Health Centre and Blood Bank, construction of 5 communal shelters at Pagak entry point equipped with basic NFI, distribution of basic hygiene items (body soap, laundry soap) at Pagak to 800HH, provision NFI, basic hygiene items (body soap, laundry soap), energy saving stoves and firewood for 1 month for 2,600 vulnerable HH at Leitchor camp, provide ongoing Restoring Family Links / Tracing services in existing camps and expanding to new camps.
In August 2014, a joint assessment team spent one week in Gambella reviewing ongoing need for RCRC Movement support in Leitchour camp and to develop an emergency appeal. However, shortly after the UNHCR and the Government of Ethiopia announced the intention to relocate refugees to Okugu in Dimma Woreda (including due to flooding in Leitchour) causing the ERCS and IFRC to hold the launch of an appeal until some clarity surrounding the situation could be attained. In response to both the change in status of Leitchour camp and the ongoing complex needs of the refugee population, a new Movement assessment effort was initiated in mid-October, when representatives of the IFRC, ICRC, Austrian RC joined ERCS to undertake a new round of assessments.
Based on the findings of the assessment an apeal operation proposal was prepared and approved. The Operation start date is 22 December 2014 and its end date is 22 September 2015, 9 months. The Overall apeal operation budget is CHF 1,050,574, of which CHF 150,000 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) in 30 Jan, 2015 to support Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) in delivering Emergency apeal population movement health and hygiene promotion activities. This emergency response operation helps ERCS to provide hygiene promotion, and emergency health service for 34, 365 people in Leichor refugee camps and pagak entry point of Gambela, Ethiopia.
The Overall objective of this emergency apeal response is to reduce the health risks of the South Sudan refugee population and host communities in Gambella through the provision of first aid, community-based health, and hygiene and sanitation promotion in Leitchour camp, Ningnang and Pagak entry point.
Progress towards outcomes:
The following activities are performed sofar (Dec22, 2014 to Jan 22, 2015):
1. The emergency plan of action is updated and revised as necessary to reflect needs.
2. Two ambulances are deployed to supply referral service for the refugee referral patients and 12 referral cases got ambulance services for with in a month.
3. Community-based disease prevention and health promotion was provided to the population in Leitchour camp. A total of 819 Sick persons (407 Males and 412 Females) found during house to house visit were advised to go to health center for treatment.
4. Hygiene promotion activity was done by assigned 97 trained HCOWs using house to house visit method. Total visited houses were 5270 (8,789people) in a month.
5. A hygiene promotion message has been disseminated to 8,885 people During the Christmas holyday celebration in all churches of the refugee. In addition, 250 posters were distributed.
6. Sanitation campaigns were held in Leitchour refugee camp two times in a month. The activity was done by mobilizing and involving the community using megaphone crying massage to gather, collects and burn all solid wastes generated from their home and their compounds, uprooted grasses and bushes around the communal latrines and living houses.The total participants during the campaign were estimated 9,513 individuals.
7. Cleaning community latrines, clearing environment and covering open defecation with lime have been done as usual. The total latrines were varied from 69 in the first week of the month to 48 in the last week of the month.
3. Restoring family Link/RFL
Historical evolution:- The beginning of Restoring Family Link service goes back to the battle of Solferino. It was pioneered by Henry Dunant at the battle of Solferino on 24th of June 1859 for the first time. A‘Young corporal Claudius Mazuet‘“some 20 yrs old, with gentle expressive features, had a bullet in the left side. There was no hope for him & of this he fully aware. When I had helped him to drink, he thanked me, & added with tears in his eyes: “Oh, sir, if u could write to my father to comfort my mother!”The parents lived …in Lyons & this young man who had joined the army as a volunteer was their only son. The only news they received of him was that which I gave them. Like many others his name appeared among the missing.’
Source: Henry Dunant: 1862.
The 3rd & 4th Geneva conventions of 1949 and the 1977 additional protocols are fundamental base of RFL activities run by ERCS as part of Red Cross/Crescent movement.
Likewise, the service had begun in Ethiopia during Ethio-Somali war of 1976/77; 1968E.C. ERCS, in collaboration with the ICRC has been providing RFL service to the needy people in Ethiopia since 1976.
To alleviate mental and psychological suffering of families who lost contact with their family members as a result of (international and non-international armed conflicts, internal disturbances, etc) and natural disasters by tracing, restoring and maintaining the family links After 33 years of contact loss
Tools on use to establishing & maintain Contacts
1. Tracing request (TR)
TR is the tool used to trace the missed person/s all over the world though Red Cross Red Crescent Channels.
2. Establishing & Maintaining Contact
Red Cross Messages (RCM):
Used for families who have some addresses but unable to communicate as a result of means of communication channels disruptions. In averaged, about 7,000 RCMs exchanged per year among family members in Ethiopia & the rest of the world.
3. Safe & well messages
This tool helps to inform families of enquirer that the sender is safe and well somewhere. 100 Safe & Well messages distributed on annual base.
4. BBC tracing requests:
Help to trace the missed person by broadcasting on BBC radio in Somali language since 1990. In average 1100 BBC tracing requests aired per year.
5. Health & welfare case
It is another RFL service that helps to provide information to enquirer on behave of the subject of enquiry.
7. “Red Cross Snapshot” It is a new tool on implementation, initiated by ERCS-ICRC in Ethiopia in December 2014. It is a mass, messaging tool use for those who have no enough information about the where about of their family member. It works in hard copy in five countries of East Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, both Sudan and Uganda) and website used for other countries out of the above mentioned states.
8. Telephone service
It is used to establish and maintain family links. South Sudanese refugees sheltered in West Ethiopia (Gambella & Beninshangul) are the major beneficiaries of this service. 32,111 South Sudanese refugees’ family links restored & maintained between October 2011 & December 2014.
ERCS has provided telephone service to Saudi-Returnees to let them inform the where abouts and wellbeing of them- selves during December2013 emergency operation 14,918 local & 9,075 international calls have been provided.
ERCS disaster preparedness unit major activities between 2007-2010 and plan 2011-2015
Ethiopia is one of the disaster prone countries in sub Saharan Africa. Drought, flooding, conflict, crop pest, hailstorm, landslide and others are the widely experienced disasters in the country. These disasters coupled with poverty, high population pressure, climate change, ever increasing prices on basic requirements of the people have made many individuals, households and the community by large vulnerable for varying disasters.
The mismatch between fast growing population in one hand and declining population supporting capacity of land on the other hand has by far remained the major cause for the existence of high level rural poverty in Ethiopia.
Climate change and environmental degradation have also been the major challenges the country encountered in the past many decades. The unpredictable rainy seasons that affected the cropping calendar, the spread of malaria in previously malaria free mid altitude, increased incidence of bush fire, the reduced volume of surface and ground water, drastic decrease in the number of wild animals are some of the indicators that exhibited climate change and environmental degradation which remain as major challenges in the country.
Those social groups such as poor farmers and pastoralists in rural part and the urban poor in towns are the most suffering from the impacts of the various disasters. Since their capacity is very limited they couldn?t resist, cope with and recover from even small shocks. The frequently observed disasters particularly drought and flood has reduced the ability of the vulnerable people to survive.
Although, many factors aggravated the food security situation, drought due to adverse climatic condition has contributed a lot in deteriorating the availability, access and utilization of food in the country. Frequency of famine, high malnutrition, and the increasing number of people affected by drought, the expansion of the drought prone areas from northern part to the potentially rich southern part of the country and dependency on food aid has been increasing from time to time. Some studies indicated that more than 5 million people are estimated to be chronically food insecure in the country even in the normal harvesting period.
Both flash and over flow flooding have been common along the major watersheds in the country. However, these days flooding have become devastating. It has been increasing in magnitude and the impact resulted on the vulnerable people. The number of people and areas affected, number of deaths, infrastructure and property damage has been increasing dramatically in the past few years For example the 2006 flood killed more than 600 people, affected 200,000 and damaged property estimated more than 40,000,000 birr worth which was not observed in the recent past in the history of the country.
Although reduced in frequency and magnitude, Ethiopia is still one of the conflict prone countries in Africa. International armed conflict and internal violence have been the main threats hampering the country?s development endeavor. The fragile border conflict with Eritrea, the tense situation with Somalia and sporadic ethnical clashes are the potential danger that could potentially result heavy humanitarian crises.
This document overview some ERCS disaster preparedness activities undertaken by its capacity, with the support of the movement members and others to prepare for and address the above major disasters in the past three years and shortly highlight its plan in the year 2011-2015.
2. Definition, objectives and expected results of ERCS disaster preparedness unit
According to IFRC definition disaster preparedness refers to measures taken to prepare for and reduce the effects of disasters. That is, to predict and where possible prevent them, mitigates their impact on vulnerable populations, and responds to and effectively copes with their consequences.
2.1 General Objective
To save lives, protect livelihoods and recover effectively from disaster and crises
2.2 Specific objectives
Increasing the preparedness capacity of ERCS at national and community level for efficient and effective disaster response to small and medium disasters/emergencies occurring in the country.
1. The preparedness capacity of ERCS to timely and effectively respond to small and medium scale disasters improved and strengthened.
2. The lives and livelihoods of the vulnerable people improved through risk reduction activities such as early warning information systems, mitigation measures and recovery interventions.
3. The relationship between ERCS and movement and non movement partners as well as concerned stakeholders (Government and the community) improved and strengthened for an effective emergency and recovery interventions sought.
3. ERCS DP recent past (2007-2010) experiences and 2011- 2015 plan
ERCS as an old humanitarian agency have been involved in much humanitarian assistances in response to the major disasters and others since long time in the country. Together with the movement members (ICRC, IFRC and Sister Societies) and other stakeholders, ERCS enabled to undertake much relief, recovery and some development interventions in drought, flood and conflict affected areas all over the country benefiting millions of vulnerable people since its inception in 1935.
3.1 Emergency assessment and vulnerability and capacity assessment (VCA)
With the financial support of IFRC/DFID and ICRC in the past three years (2007-to date) the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Department (DPPD) together with other departments and stakeholders conducted more than 17 emergency assessments and five VCA in drought, flood and conflict induced disastrous areas in the country. Based on the emergency and VCA assessment findings different relief assistances and rehabilitations including provision of food, non food, water through trucking, agricultural seeds and tools, have been provided for more than 559,234 beneficiaries most of whom were victims of drought, flooding and conflict.
Considering that disaster preparedness as a continues and integrated process resulting from a wide range of activities undertaken by all stakeholders ERCS, DPPD has established working relation with pertinent in house departments,? government and non government institutions like MOARD particularly DRMFS, UN agencies and NGOs participating in DRMFS lead early warning system.
Emergency need assessment and vulnerability capacity assessments will be the major tools to undertake both emergency and recovery activities in the up coming years between 2011 and 2015.
Proclaimed in Vienna in 1965, the seven Fundamental Principles bond together the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, The International Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. They guarantee the continuity of the Red Cross Red Crescent Movement and its humanitarian work.
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, born of a desire to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavours, in its international and national capacity, to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Its purpose is to protect life and health and to ensure respect for the human being. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace amongst all peoples.
It makes no discrimination as to nationality, race, religious beliefs, class or political opinions. It endeavours to relieve the suffering of individuals, being guided solely by their needs, and to give priority to the most urgent cases of distress.
In order to continue to enjoy the confidence of all, the Movement may not take sides in hostilities or engage at any time in controversies of a political, racial, religious or ideological nature.
The Movement is independent. The National Societies, while auxiliaries in the humanitarian services of their governments and subject to the laws of their respective countries, must always maintain their autonomy so that they may be able at all times to act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.
It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted in any manner by desire for gain.
There can be only one Red Cross or one Red Crescent Society in any one country. It must be open to all. It must carry on its humanitarian work throughout its territory..
The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have equal status and share equal responsibilities and duties in helping each other, is worldwide.
Food security & disaster preparedness/response
Drought has been the main hazard affecting Ethiopians for a long period of time. This results in food insecurity affecting 5 to 6 million people each year. Seasonal flooding is another issue which affects hundreds of thousands of people living in the middle and lower courses of the Awash Wabi Shebelle, Genale, Baro and Omo rivers as well as around Lake Tana in the Amhara region. The 2006 flooding was some of the worst flooding seen in the Horn of Africa in 50 years.
Apart from the natural causes of disaster, heavy human, livestock and agricultural pressure on land has contributed to the degradation of the environment leading to reduced soil fertility and land productivity.
A change in climatic conditions as a result of environmental degradation has proven to have a humanitarian impact on food security, access to clean water, increased vulnerability to water-borne diseases and shelter. Hence, the ERCS realizes the necessity and importance of disaster preparedness and response in times of natural catastrophes. Over the years, the ERCS has established a National Disaster Response Team (NDRT) and Branch Disaster Response Team (BDRT) in order to respond to emergencies as fast as possible. In terms of disaster preparedness activities, pre-positioning of non-food items by the ERCS in strategically selected areas is underway.
Community based health first aid (CBHFA)
The ERCS provides first-aid training in schools, factories, private companies, governmental and non-governmental organizations at the community level. The training integrates routine first aid service with other promotional and educational health activities by involving volunteers from the community. Every year, 2,700 volunteers are being trained on CBFA all over the country.
This programme started in 1952 but was limited to only major towns such as Addis Ababa and Harar. Now, it is the only organization providing nationwide 24-hour free ambulance service to 63 towns.
Essential Drugs Program (EDP)
This program was established in 1989 with the aim to provide essential drugs of good quality at affordable prices to the general population through the establishment of pharmacies and drug stores at different selected parts of the country. So far, the program has benefited more than 3.5 million people. The number of pharmacies has increased from 28 in 2001 to 41 in 2007. Some selected EDP outlets are also selling anti-retroviral treatment (ART) drugs at cost recovery basis only.
The Danish Red Cross (DRC) through funding from DANIDA used to provide financial and technical assistance to this program until recently.
Water and Sanitation (Watsan)
This program was established in 1987. The water and sanitation situation in this country is the major contributing factors to the existing burden of communicative diseases. On top of that, in the event of a disaster, it often affects the victims? access to safe and clean drinking water due to destruction of wells, springs and other water sources or just merely dry spells due to drought.
Watsan activities include the rehabilitation and construction of hand dug wells, ponds, earth dams and protection of springs. Bore holes are sometimes sunk in areas where the water table is very low and where large number of population has to be served. Ventilated and improved communal pit latrines are built in crowded areas and in surroundings where the facilities are lacking. San plats are produced with the participation of beneficiaries and distributed to rural households within the project area so as to improve environmental hygiene.
Training on Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation (PHAST) is conducted in all areas where Watsan infrastructures are put in place. This is to ensure the upkeep and sustainability of the facilities.
HIV/AIDS prevention and control
This program was established in 1998 in only two branches with the assistance of the Danish Red Cross. In 2007, the program now covers 16 branches; Addis Ababa, Jimma, East Hararghe, North Shoa/Debre Berhan, Somali, Tigray, North Gonder, West Gojjam, East Wollega, Illubabor, Gamo Gofa, Wolayta, South West Shoa, Sidama, East Shoa and Afar. The programme focuses on peer education in schools, sensitization through community conversation, advocacy against stigmatization and discrimination, community home based care in support of PLWHA and orphans. The ERCS works in partnership with the Danish Red Cross, the British Red Cross and the Netherlands Red Cross. World AIDS Day is commemorated on 1 December annually.
Ethiopia has ratified all four Geneva Conventions and two of its Additional Optional Protocols. Ethiopia has a legal obligation to observe and respect the Geneva Conventions and its Additional Optional Protocol I and II under International Humanitarian Law (IHL).
The ERCS, as a member of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, plays the main role of disseminating humanitarian values (fundamental principles of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, the roles and mandates of the ERCS and the IHL) to the public at large. Since 1985, with the support of the ICRC, the ERCS has carried out dissemination program to government officials, members of the armed forces, police, prison guards and the general public.
Our National Society wholeheartedly thank you for your unreserved support last year that enabled us to reach over 500,000 beneficiaries.
We call up on you, again this year, to extend your humanitarian helping hands to save the lives and livelihoods of millions of vulnerable people we are committed to reach.
Currently we are water trucking in Moyale and Kindo Koisha of Wolaita Zone to supply clean water and providing supplementary food in Somali, Oromia, Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions with the cost of birr 8.7 million. Our cash requirement to support 318,325 vulnerable people still has a big gap. It needs our concerted effort to fill the gap.
Kindly send, your humanitarian support to the following Ethiopian Red Cross Society bank account:
Commercial Bank of Ethiopia,
Addis Ababa Branch
Account No. 1 000 000 902 008,
Swift Code CBETETAA
Addis Ababa Ethiopia
Ato Wondawik Abezie:- email@example.com;
Dr. Solomon Ali:- firstname.lastname@example.org
Responsiveness:- We provide timely reaction for the needy
Empathy:- We develop emotional capacity to understand others from their reference
Credibility:- We work towards trust worthiness and reliability among all
Excellence:- We Provide superior quality service
Solidarity:- We collaborate with movement and non-movement partners
Strategic Plan 2020 (2011-2020)
ERCS developed its second generation Ten Year Strategic Plan 2020 to give general direction to its community based development programs and? Humanitarian services between 2011 and 2020? The four strategic aims for the next ten years are:
1. Save lives, protect livelihoods and strengthen recovery from disasters and crises
2. Enable healthy and safe living
3. Promote social inclusion and a culture of non-violence and peace
4. Upgrade systems and procedures, and strengthen capacities for improved performances.
The first Strategic Aim focuses on the provision of appropriate and timely response to disasters and risks to save human lives? It is also concerned with restoring lost livelihood assets to restart disrupted productive activities.
The second Strategic Aim is concerned with protecting communities against accidents and resulting disabilities and death, against usage of unprotected water and health disasters so that people could have healthy and safer living styles to live longer.
The third Strategic Aim recognizes that no homogeneous society exists and thus looks at creating strong partnership with the communities for fostering culture of tolerance for diversities, solving differences through dialogues without resorting to violence and for the inclusion of marginalized groups (Lepers, Epileptic Patients, PLWHA, Albinos, migrants, street dwellers, minority groups and others) into the mainstream of social interaction and development.
While the three strategic aims were adapted from the Federation Strategy 2020 which was developed for common use by National Societies, the fourth Strategic Aim is developed specifically to address the overall operational capacities deficiencies of ERCS.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) is honoured to have been selected as the host of the 8th Pan African Conference, which brings together the leadership of all 50-plus African Red Cross/ Red Crescent Societies.
The conference is aspecial platform at which the leadership of the African RCRC Societies deliberates about our unique role in supporting our governments to prevent disease, pre-empt disaster impacts, and contribute to the long-term development of African communities. The PAC also brings together representatives from the Partner National Societies, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the United Nations and representatives of the corporate sector. The African Union and the UN are expected to participate in the upcoming 8th PAC, both in the plenaries and Commissions.
The PAC meets every four years in different regions of the continent:
Outcome: the ANS came up with the Johannesburg Commitments.
Outcome: the Production of the Algiers Plan of Action and establishment of the Pan African Coordinating Team (PACT).
Outcome: the Ouagadougu Declaration.
Outcome: the Kampala Declaration.
These meetings have one thing in common: the commitment of the African RCRC leadership to 'mobilize the power of humanity' and to reduce community vulnerability to disease, disasters, poverty and social exclusion, in line with the Federation?s Strategy 2020.
The PAC, as a Regional Conference, in terms of Article 38 of the Federation Constitution, is a meeting of the African RCRC leadership, with the purpose of:
Promoting co-operation, networking and partnerships amongst the national societies of the region
Identifying common humanitarian concerns and issues
Striving to achieve common strategies of implementation with regard to decisions of the General Assembly, the Council of Delegates and the International Conference of the RCRC
Making proposals to the Governing Board on matters related to the General Assembly and the Statutory Bodies of the Movement
Identifying activities and mobilizing resources for PAC from different possible sources
Clarifying roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders for PAC preparation, conference and post conference activities at all level (federation secretariat, Africa Zone and host national Society).
|Friday, October 19||
African Youth Conference
Welcome Reception - Words of welcome ? ERCS President
|Saturday, October 20||
1ST PLENARY SESSION
2nd PLENARY SESSION
WG 1:?? Food Security, Hunger, Health Inequities (incl HIV/AIDS), Water & Sanitation in Africa.
|Sunday, October 21||Commission 2: Partnerships in the delivery of sustainable humanitarian services in Africa
WG 1: Building and improving partnerships with ANS ? the 8 National Societies Initiative
WG 2: ANS Institutional Capacity Building ? Financial Development Experiences
WG 3:? Promoting Humanitarian Diplomacy ? focus on Disaster Law and NS Auxiliary Role
Commission 3: Violence Prevention as a Global Strategy
WG 1:? Advocacy on protection and support to minority groups ? Xenophobia, Women and Child? Abuse???????????
WG 2:? Migration and Human Trafficking
WG 3:? Youth as Contributors to a Culture of Peace
19h30- 23h00 Ethiopian? Cultural? Evening
|Monday, October 22|
Red Cross National Societies are welcome to contribute on the following topics:
Commission one: Building community resilience in the wake of disasters, disease, food insecurity, health challenges and the effects of climate change in Africa.
Cross-cutting Questions to Commision one:
What hurdles do we need to overcome to make Investment in Africa a practical reality? How has it worked from panelists? own perspective in the past?
The benefits of investing in the humanitarian sector?
Working groups (WG):
WG 1: Food Security, health, HIV/AIDS, hunger, water and sanitation in Africa;
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 1:
How do we? build community resilience in Food Security, sustainable? livelihoods?; What lessons have we learnt, and who are our existing, potential and new partners???
WG 2: The effects of climate change on vulnerable communities ? building resilience through DRR.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 2:
What? does it take to strengthen community resilience?? What should? we do to ensure stakeholder involvement, utilising DRR as a tool for adaptation to climate change and for building community resilience??
Commission two: Partnerships
Cross-cutting Questions to Commission? 2
Have we attained self-reliance? Are peer review mechanisms effective for our accountability? Are we scanning the environment of resource mobilisation? for any emerging partnership imperatives?
Diversification of our sources of funding?
Working groups ?(WG):
WG 1: Building and improving partnerships in Africa.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 1:
Milestones and Lessons - how can we be more accountable to our partners? Build trust? Having good legal base?? Any new? partnership intiatives based on programming for longterm sustainability?
WG 2: Promoting Humanitarian Diplomacy, with special focus on Disaster Law and the NS Auxiliary Role
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 2:
Working with and influencing government policy to make good laws?;? Strengthening the NS Auxiliary role??.how do we position our NS as a credible???voice of the voiceless?? in the delivery of humanitarian services??
WG 3: ?NS institutional capacity development.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 3:
What changes have occurred in partnership relationships in the past decade? How do we retain our credibility as partners ? accountability, good governance and transparency? Any benchmarks from successful financial management successes?
Commission three: Violence prevention.
Working groups (WG):
WG 1: ?Advocacy for protection and support to minority groups ? xenophobia, women and child abuse.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 1:
Working on people themselves -? changing minds, to? support minority groups?;
How are we advocating for the rights and protection? of abused people?? Legislation, policies, etc?? Restoration of their dignity? investing in their empowerment??
WG 2: Migration and human trafficking.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 2:
Are we influencing the government processes, to adopt and enforce legislation and policies sensitive to issues of? Migration and Human Trafficking??? Lobbying and advocating for equitable treatment of migrants and victims of human trafficking?? Who do we partner with??
WG 3: Youth as contributors to a Culture of Peace.
Cross-cutting Questions to WG 3:
How are we investing in Youth as leaders of today and tomorrow?? Skills, resources, etc??? Facebook, Twitter, etc as bearers of behavioural change messages? Are we sensitive to the vulnerability of youth to diverse challenges??
Individual membership Type Annual payment (Birr)
Individual (lifelong) 300
Family (lifelong) 500
Organization Membership Type
Higher 2,001- 20,000
Special Over 20,000
For more information on how to become a member of the ERCS please contact +251-115-15-58-05.
volunteers and members can register online database
please download and fill the Membership ID card attach your photo on photo area below
volunteers and members can register online database
International web sites
National Society web sites:
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) Communication and Resource Mobilization Department has two coordination units which basically work to build the National Society image by raising the knowledge and awareness of the general public on its humanitarian activities, and coordinates the mobilization of resources to reach out the most vulnerable groups, respectively.
The communication unit strives to create wide spread awareness about the National Society activities at all levels for better access, improved knowledge and positive image.
The resource mobilization wing on the other hand leads the resource mobilization activities of the National Society. It includes preparation of strategic documents, organization of fundraising events and facilitate capacity building programs.
The department addresses the National Society strategic objectives to its local and international partners, Sister National Societies, GOs, NGOs, private organizations, volunteers and the public at large. The department serves as the spokesperson for the National Society as far as external communication is concerned.
You can reach us via email@example.com
Volunteers, Youth and Membership Development
Volunteers are the imperatives of the Red Cross/Red Crescent work as no activity can be fully implemented without active involvement of volunteers. Implementation of activities such as first aid, ambulance service, emergency relief, environmental protection, clean-up campaign and mass community mobilization for vaccination call for active participation of volunteers in particular youth volunteers. Hence ERCS places paramount importance on the recruitment, training, development and retention of volunteers. The number of volunteers is not constant and increases with the incidence/occurrences of flood, drought, and fire outbreak, epidemics and conflict situations. ERCSCurrently the number of ERCS volunteers is more than 50,000. Among others volunteers are engaged in First aid, Ambulance attendant, Blood donation, health and care, …Many Youth Volunteers leave the society lured by the incentive mechanisms provided by NGO's contrary to the principles of volunteerism. With the view of strengthening the capacity of volunteers, different trainings are provided though not carried with the same intensity in all branches. Trained volunteers are well conversant with the aims and fundamental principles of the movement as well as with activities of the society. ERCS has the policy of giving employment priority to its volunteers who have the necessary qualifications and experiences. ERCSERCS is developing and introducing a workable volunteer's management system for the recruitment training, deployment and retention of volunteers, in addition to increasing the overall volunteer base of the society. Recruiting larger number of adult and professional volunteers will be one of the focuses of volunteer development. Currently, ERCS is in the process of updating the Youth Policy and youth structures which will be in place in the year 2010. ERCS makes much effort to recruit more members every year as membership fee remains the major source of income for branches. In 2009 total RC membership has reached over 2 million. To map all RC members, ERCS has started database management system which will be finalized in the year 2010. All branches will undertake aggressive mobilization campaign to enlist 10% of the Ethiopian population as RC members in the coming three years. ERCSERCS, with the view of increasing the number of RC volunteers and members, has developed membership and volunteers guide lines which were approved by the ERCS National General Assembly in November 2008. These guidelines will assist branches in following standardized procedures for attracting, recruiting, and deploying motivating and retaining of volunteers and members. Branch Development Branch development focuses on strengthening ERCS structures and Capacities at all levels in terms of Human and Material resources development. Some of the activities that will be undertaken include: Resource Development(put in capacity development) Resource development is concerned with creating a financially self reliant society (at HQ and branches level) that can cover its core costs, undertake micro community based development projects and respond to small scale emergencies with the revenue it generates. Focusing on real estate development, reliable and sustainable income generating projects will be established in at least 5 zonal branches (W/Arsi, Wolaita, Jima, W/Wollega and W/Gojam). GENERAL OBJECTIVE To raise the image of the society and to mobilize resources for ERCS SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE Improve dissemination program planning and implementation capacity of Regional branches. OUT PUT Respect to human rights, respect for Red Cross Emblem improved and proper usage are insured. ACTIVITIES Employee and train dissemination officers for 3 region branches. World red cross day celebration four region branches and most of the ercs zonal branches have celebrated the event Dissemination sessions by branches 6 region and 18 zonal branches are selected based on criteria Dissemiation by FM radio SNNPRS tigray and oromia are expected to use local FM radios.
Tailor made trainings will be prepared and given to branches staffs to strengthen their capacities to design and implement community based development projects.
Experience sharing visits within and outside the country will be organized.
Much effort will be made to replace the aging service vehicles of branches.
Yearly performance evaluation sessions will be staged to measure the capacities of branches.
Twinning program will be closely monitored and discussion will be conducted with partners to replicate twinning in less developed branches.
More ERCS structures at zonal and woreda levels will be established and strengthened.
ERCS will build a 13 story complex with estimated cost of Birr 200 million in the Filwoha area in Addis.
Create awareness among different target gropes of the society on IHL, the fundamental principles strengthen the respect of the Red Cross Emblem and there by ensures its proper usage.
Foster community awareness and motivation with a view to maximize public support.
Provide financial and material support to Regional and Zonal Branches particularly to marginalized and prone areas.
Image of thee ERCS better built among the public.
Strong network on membership drive and volunteers management exists.
ERCS builds up sustainable financial and human resource capacity.
Access to the wider audience is created through mass Medias and trained disseminators.
Standard dissemination manuals and materials produced.
Two dissemination officers are employed and trained.
Provision of office equipment and audiovisual materials.
Dissemination by mass media.
Organize dissemination sessions by branches.
Expansion of Red Cross youth dissemination task force.
May 8 celebration
Printing dissemination materials.
Monitoring and evaluation.
Status of activities planned to be implemented jan-june 2010
thousand of invited gusts volunteers and gov. represntativs have participated on the event
red cross message,discussion on possibl ways of improving services of the red cross,literaruer On different topics ,music and dramas were presented
buget is allocated for each branches
all selected branches are requested to submit action plane.
only two have responded and the allocated budget is transferred
tigray has signed letter of agreement with the station and is expected to start as of july 2010
NNNPRS is in process waiting until up grading of the script is accomplished by the ERCS Communication and information service.
ormia will primarily work on translation . the program will start as soon as this activity is Accomplished.
Improvmnt red cross youth task force
skill up grading training is provide to 25 youth member selected from Mezan tepi is bench maji Branch
the same action will be taken at S/W shoa and East shoa in july 2010
incentive materials will be closely
Implementation of this activity will closely followed up in connection with youth unit of ODDVM Department.
Monitoring and evaluation ----field trips have been made in amhara,tigray, and SNNPRS branche.
ERCSCurrently the number of ERCS volunteers is more than 50,000. Among others volunteers are engaged in First aid, Ambulance attendant, Blood donation, health and care, …Many Youth Volunteers leave the society lured by the incentive mechanisms provided by NGO's contrary to the principles of volunteerism. With the view of strengthening the capacity of volunteers, different trainings are provided though not carried with the same intensity in all branches. Trained volunteers are well conversant with the aims and fundamental principles of the movement as well as with activities of the society. ERCS has the policy of giving employment priority to its volunteers who have the necessary qualifications and experiences. ERCSERCS is developing and introducing a workable volunteer's management system for the recruitment training, deployment and retention of volunteers, in addition to increasing the overall volunteer base of the society. Recruiting larger number of adult and professional volunteers will be one of the focuses of volunteer development. Currently, ERCS is in the process of updating the Youth Policy and youth structures which will be in place in the year 2010. ERCS makes much effort to recruit more members every year as membership fee remains the major source of income for branches. In 2009 total RC membership has reached over 2 million. To map all RC members, ERCS has started database management system which will be finalized in the year 2010. All branches will undertake aggressive mobilization campaign to enlist 10% of the Ethiopian population as RC members in the coming three years. ERCSERCS, with the view of increasing the number of RC volunteers and members, has developed membership and volunteers guide lines which were approved by the ERCS National General Assembly in November 2008. These guidelines will assist branches in following standardized procedures for attracting, recruiting, and deploying motivating and retaining of volunteers and members. Branch Development Branch development focuses on strengthening ERCS structures and Capacities at all levels in terms of Human and Material resources development. Some of the activities that will be undertaken include: Resource Development(put in capacity development) Resource development is concerned with creating a financially self reliant society (at HQ and branches level) that can cover its core costs, undertake micro community based development projects and respond to small scale emergencies with the revenue it generates. Focusing on real estate development, reliable and sustainable income generating projects will be established in at least 5 zonal branches (W/Arsi, Wolaita, Jima, W/Wollega and W/Gojam). GENERAL OBJECTIVE To raise the image of the society and to mobilize resources for ERCS SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE Improve dissemination program planning and implementation capacity of Regional branches. OUT PUT Respect to human rights, respect for Red Cross Emblem improved and proper usage are insured. ACTIVITIES Employee and train dissemination officers for 3 region branches. World red cross day celebration four region branches and most of the ercs zonal branches have celebrated the event Dissemination sessions by branches 6 region and 18 zonal branches are selected based on criteria Dissemiation by FM radio SNNPRS tigray and oromia are expected to use local FM radios.
ERCSERCS is developing and introducing a workable volunteer's management system for the recruitment training, deployment and retention of volunteers, in addition to increasing the overall volunteer base of the society. Recruiting larger number of adult and professional volunteers will be one of the focuses of volunteer development. Currently, ERCS is in the process of updating the Youth Policy and youth structures which will be in place in the year 2010. ERCS makes much effort to recruit more members every year as membership fee remains the major source of income for branches. In 2009 total RC membership has reached over 2 million. To map all RC members, ERCS has started database management system which will be finalized in the year 2010. All branches will undertake aggressive mobilization campaign to enlist 10% of the Ethiopian population as RC members in the coming three years. ERCSERCS, with the view of increasing the number of RC volunteers and members, has developed membership and volunteers guide lines which were approved by the ERCS National General Assembly in November 2008. These guidelines will assist branches in following standardized procedures for attracting, recruiting, and deploying motivating and retaining of volunteers and members. Branch Development Branch development focuses on strengthening ERCS structures and Capacities at all levels in terms of Human and Material resources development. Some of the activities that will be undertaken include: Resource Development(put in capacity development) Resource development is concerned with creating a financially self reliant society (at HQ and branches level) that can cover its core costs, undertake micro community based development projects and respond to small scale emergencies with the revenue it generates. Focusing on real estate development, reliable and sustainable income generating projects will be established in at least 5 zonal branches (W/Arsi, Wolaita, Jima, W/Wollega and W/Gojam). GENERAL OBJECTIVE To raise the image of the society and to mobilize resources for ERCS SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE Improve dissemination program planning and implementation capacity of Regional branches. OUT PUT Respect to human rights, respect for Red Cross Emblem improved and proper usage are insured. ACTIVITIES Employee and train dissemination officers for 3 region branches. World red cross day celebration four region branches and most of the ercs zonal branches have celebrated the event Dissemination sessions by branches 6 region and 18 zonal branches are selected based on criteria Dissemiation by FM radio SNNPRS tigray and oromia are expected to use local FM radios.
Branch Development Resource Development(put in capacity development) GENERAL OBJECTIVE To raise the image of the society and to mobilize resources for ERCS SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE OUT PUT ACTIVITIES World red cross day celebration Dissemination sessions by branches Dissemiation by FM radio
Resource Development(put in capacity development)
To raise the image of the society and to mobilize resources for ERCS
World red cross day celebration
Dissemination sessions by branches
Dissemiation by FM radio
1. What is Essential Drugs Program
Understanding the fundamentals of Essential Drugs helps to understand the intervention of the ERCS
It is all about drugs of first choice which can cure about 80% of the diseases prevailing in a country
They are purchased, stocked, dispensed in their generic name
The Drugs are intended to be affordable, available and accessible
Inventory control, procurement, storage distributions and dispensing are manageable.
Financing in relatively easy and health institutes can effectively use their budgets
In early 1988 the ERCS and the DRC initiated a project with the
technical assistance from the MOH of Ethiopia and the WHO for provision of essential drugs and presented it to DANIDA. In June 1989 the ERCS and the DRC agreed
to launch the Essential Drugs Project/Program over 5-year period in two phases
The aim was to establish 20 pharmacies and 20 satellite pharmacies at project cost of Birr 13,700,000.
The ERCS was made responsible for the physical implementation of the project and the DRC was committed for the financial contributions and technical supports.
2.1. Project Period/Phase
Since its establishment in 1989, EDP has undergone through four development Phases
PHASE I + II (1989-1995) concentrated on strengthening drug supply and development of infrastructure.
PHASE III (1996-2003) focused on expanding of Pharmacies Drug Stores and addressing issue of sustainability.
PHASE IV (2004-2008) - Concentrated on Essential Drugs Management Support Program
3. Program Objectives
3.1 Development Objective
Alleviation of human suffering reduction of morbidityand mortality amendable to Pharmaceutical intervention
3.2 Immediate Objective
Ensuring Drug availability, accessibility and affordability
Promotion of rational drugs
Ensuring Program sustainability
Support to Primary health care
3.3 Program Components/Strategic activities
Establishments of Pharmacies
Provision of essential drugs
Management of EDP
4. Stake Holders
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society
Danish Red Cross
Ministry of Health of Ethiopia
Health Service Institutes
Federation of the Red Cross & Red Crescent
- Management of EDP
- Provision of essential Drugs & rational Drug use
- Establishment of pharmacies
- Ensuring sustainability & capacity buildings & Dispensing
The Program Manages
37 Pharmacies & 4 Satellites
53 million Asset
EDP has wok relationship with
- 35 international suppliers
- 5 Local manufacturers
- 10 Banks, Insurances, Shipping Agents etc
- MOH , DACA, other stakeholder, custom etc
Distribution of Pharmacies & Drug Stores
1. Oromia 17
2. Amhara 7
3. SNNPG 5
4. A.Ababa 3
5. Tigray 3
6. Others 6
6 Situation at the End of the Program
Made accessible and available affordable drugs to 3.00 -3.50 million people in the catchments areas
Established 41 Pharmacies and Drug Stores
Constructed modern HQ building at Addis Ababa and 12 standard Pharmacy buildings at selected Branches
Developed strong infrastructure including Procedural manuals, Warehousing system Logistical supports
Made available job to 300 – 350 people
Made substantial financial contributions to the ERCS Head Office & Branch
An online learning community delivering any professional learning opportunities, as well as other personal learning.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Learning platform is an online learning community delivering Red Cross Red Crescent professional learning opportunities, as well as other personal learning.
The learning platform was developing with the help of the International Red Cross Red Crescent Society that produces certificate with ERCS logo.
Learning platform learning courses are:
Volunteers, staffs, members and youths of The Ethiopian Red Cross Society and the general public are all encouraged to use the materials as extensively as possible.
Users can learn at their own pace, anywhere, anytime. The course catalogue provides an up-to-date overview of the many courses available in various languages. Registration and access to the Learning platform is free. Benefits to learners include:
The IFRC with the help of third party gave customize this learning platform on
By adopting this system (rather than using another), we also benefit by:
We invite all people to take courses in the Learning platform. We encourage volunteers, members and staffs and any public to embrace the Learning platform as their first port of call for professional development.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society is one of the oldest humanitarian organization and has been delivering services to Ethiopian since 1935 G.C years. Today, Ethiopian Red Cross Society Training institute is a leading provider of First Aid training, delivering standardized First Aid certificate for industry employees, students .youths, volunteers and members who has attended 5 days training.
The Ethiopian Red Cross Society is committed to building safe, healthy and productive communities and workplaces through the provision of nationally recognized and accepted First Aid training.
Moreover, the society has developed First Aid training Mobile Application with the American Red cross for mobiles with Android IOS. This Application is bilingual (English and Amharic) which can be downloaded to your mobile through the micro- site (the link below).
To download the set up file to your mobile, please open the website on your mobile and open First Aid Mobile Apps (from Resource center menu or side advert or quick link). Once you get the link below, click to download the Apps to you mobile.
Region: Addis Ababa Free Ambulance Telephone No.: 907
N. B. – Please note that in addition to the above directory any beneficiary from the city of anywhere who wants to get Red Cross Ambulance Service can call to our dispatching command center of free Ambulance Telephone No 907.
Disseminate Principles of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and Proper Use of Emblems
One of the purposes of the Ethiopian Red Cross Society (ERCS) is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflicts and other situations of violence, and to provide them with assistance. One way in which the ERCS fulfills this purpose is by disseminating the principles of International Humanitarian Law (IHL) to prevent violations by all parties to an armed conflict of international or non-international nature. Moreover, ERCS works to promote the proper use of the Red Cross Emblem to avoid its misuse during peace and war times, alike.
IHL consists of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1977 additional protocols and other conventions and resolutions towards the alleviation of the situation of armed conflict by limiting the means and methods of warfare and protecting individuals and objects who are not or no more involved in hostilities.
Ethiopia is party to the major conventions that constitute IHL, including the 1949 Geneva Conventions (I-IV)and their Additional Protocols of the 1977; the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol, the 1954 Hague Convention on Cultural Property, among others. Moreover, Ethiopia is a signatory to the 2005 Third Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions. This brings a duty to respect these set of standards during armed conflicts.
However, the primary responsibility to prevent violations of IHL is up on the government, the ERCS, as an auxiliary to public authorities, works on the dissemination of the principles of IHL. So far trainings and seminars aimed at dissemination of the principles of IHL and proper use of emblems have been offered for ERCS governance, employees, members and volunteers. Moreover, members of the judicial organs of the government (including judges, public prosecutors, police officers, and prison administrators), journalists, members of the national defense force, university lecturers and students, the general public and the youth are the present and future targets of these dissemination activities.