Essential Drug Program

1. What is Essential Drugs Program

Understanding the fundamentals of Essential Drugs helps to understand the intervention of the ERCS
It is all about drugs of first choice which can cure about 80% of the diseases prevailing in a country
They are purchased, stocked, dispensed in their generic name
The Drugs are intended to be affordable, available and accessible
Inventory control, procurement, storage distributions and dispensing are manageable.
Financing in relatively easy and health institutes can effectively use their budgets

2. History

In early 1988 the ERCS and the DRC initiated a project with the technical assistance from the MOH of Ethiopia and the WHO for provision of essential drugs and presented it to DANIDA. In June 1989 the ERCS and the DRC agreed to launch the Essential Drugs Project/Program over 5-year period in two phases
The aim was to establish 20 pharmacies and 20 satellite pharmacies at project cost of Birr 13,700,000.
The ERCS was made responsible for the physical implementation of the project and the DRC was committed for the financial contributions and technical supports.

2.1. Project Period/Phase

Since its establishment in 1989, EDP has undergone  through four  development Phases
PHASE I + II (1989-1995) concentrated on strengthening drug supply and development of infrastructure.
PHASE III (1996-2003) focused on expanding of Pharmacies Drug Stores and addressing issue of sustainability.
PHASE IV (2004-2008) -  Concentrated on Essential Drugs Management Support Program

3. Program Objectives

3.1 Development Objective

Alleviation of human suffering reduction of morbidityand mortality amendable to Pharmaceutical intervention

3.2 Immediate Objective

Ensuring Drug availability, accessibility  and affordability
Promotion of rational drugs
Ensuring Program sustainability
  Support to Primary health care

3.3 Program Components/Strategic activities

Establishments of Pharmacies
Provision of essential drugs
Management of EDP
Capacity building

4. Stake Holders

The Ethiopian Red Cross Society
Danish Red Cross
Ministry of Health of  Ethiopia
DANIDA
Targeted Communities/beneficiaries
Health Service Institutes
Local administration
WHO
Federation of the Red Cross & Red Crescent

5. Scope

Main Activities
- Management of EDP
- Provision of essential Drugs & rational Drug use
- Establishment of pharmacies
- Ensuring sustainability & capacity buildings & Dispensing
The Program Manages
37 Pharmacies & 4 Satellites
340 employees
53 million Asset
EDP has wok relationship with
-  35 international suppliers
-  5 Local manufacturers
-  10 Banks, Insurances, Shipping Agents etc
  -  MOH , DACA, other stakeholder, custom etc
Distribution of Pharmacies & Drug Stores

       1.     Oromia                  17     
       2.     Amhara                   7     
       3.     SNNPG                  5     
       4.     A.Ababa                 3     
       5.     Tigray                     3     
       6.     Others                    6

6  Situation at the End of the Program

Made accessible and available affordable drugs to 3.00 -3.50 million people in the catchments areas
 Established 41 Pharmacies and Drug Stores
Constructed modern HQ building at Addis Ababa and 12 standard Pharmacy buildings at selected Branches
 Developed strong infrastructure including Procedural manuals, Warehousing system Logistical supports
Made available job to 300 – 350 people
Made substantial financial contributions  to the ERCS Head Office & Branch