Essential Drug Program


Understanding the fundamentals of Essential Drugs helps to understand the intervention of the ERCS It is all about drugs of first choice which can cure about 80% of the diseases prevailing in a country They are purchased, stocked, dispensed in their generic name The Drugs are intended to be affordable, available and accessible Inventory control, procurement, storage distributions and dispensing are manageable. Financing in relatively easy and health institutes can effectively use their budgets


In early 1988 the ERCS and the DRC initiated a project with the technical assistance from the MOH of Ethiopia and the WHO for provision of essential drugs and presented it to DANIDA. In June 1989 the ERCS and the DRC agreed to launch the Essential Drugs Project/Program over 5-year period in two phases The aim was to establish 20 pharmacies and 20 satellite pharmacies at project cost of Birr 13,700,000. The ERCS was made responsible for the physical implementation of the project and the DRC was committed for the financial contributions and technical supports.

Project Period / Phase

Since its establishment in 1989, EDP has undergone through four development Phases

Phase I + II

Concentrated on strengthening drug supply and development of infrastructure.


Focused on expanding of Pharmacies Drug Stores and addressing issue of sustainability


Concentrated on Essential Drugs Management Support Program

Program Objectives

Development Objective

Alleviation of human suffering reduction of morbidity and mortality amendable to Pharmaceutical intervention

Immediate Objective

Ensuring Drug availability, accessibility and affordability
Promotion of rational drugs
Ensuring Program sustainability
Support to Primary health care

Program Components/Strategic activities

Establishments of Pharmacies
Provision of essential drugs
Management of EDP
Capacity building



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